German Council on Foreign Relations

Europe’s Green Industrial Policy and the United States’ IRA

Reducing Dependence on China

Two proposals released by the European Commission on March 16 are central to the EU’s green industrial policy. While these plans differ from their US counterparts, they share the goal of reducing dependence. The European Union’s internal production targets, however, oscillate between creating a necessary security buffer from monopoly suppliers and dirigiste protectionism. The EU should prioritize ensuring energy security through diversification and regulatory streamlining and avoid the overapplication of planned targets.

Loyle Campbell
Alexandra Gritz

The Zeitenwende Beyond Germany

The Baltic States, Central Europe, France, the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom, and the United States have all reacted to Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine in their own, but often similar ways.

Jannik Hartmann
Kenny Kremer
Jacob Ross
et al.
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Dossier: Russia’s War Against Ukraine

Russia’s attack on Ukraine on February 24, 2022, violated international law, shocked the global community, and brought war to Europe – along with fears of a nuclear escalation. In a policy statement three days after that war began, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz referred to the Russian invasion as a turning point in the history of the European continent – and announced a so-called Zeitenwende, a significant turnaround in Germany’s security and defense policy.

This dossier provides an overview of DGAP’s diverse expertise and activities on all aspects of the ongoing conflict.

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Dossier Zeitenwende

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Experts Spotlight

DGAP in the Media


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